Common Misconceptions about Sleep

Sleep is essential for a person’s health and wellness. It allows the body to reset, both physically and mentally, while promoting proper hormone and biochemistry processes. Unfortunately, there are many misconceptions surrounding sleep, leading many individuals down the wrong path.


Sleeping Pills are Safe

Just because they are sold over the counter doesn’t mean they are safe. One study found that over-the-counter sleeping pills increased the risk of stroke. Prescription sleeping pills are even worse, with research showing a direct correlation between their usage and an increased risk of early mortality.


There’s No Such Thing as Too Much Sleep

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that more than one-third of Americans don’t get enough sleep. Too much sleeping, however, can also cause health issues. Research cited by the HuffingtonPost found that people who oversleep on a regular basis have higher rates of diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Therefore, most experts recommend adults get between seven and nine hours of shut-eye at night.


It’s Okay to Catch Up on Sleep During the Weekend

Many people struggle to sleep during the week because of work, school and other responsibilities. As a result, they sleep more during the weekend, believing this will counter the effects. But there’s no such thing as catching up on sleep. Sleeping less during the week and more during the weekend disrupts the body’s circadian clock while preventing the individual from getting into a normal sleep schedule.


Snoring Is Harmless

Everyone snores on occasion, and normally it doesn’t pose any health risks. If a person snores every night, however, it can cause a myriad of problems. For starters, snoring is often a sign of nasal obstruction, meaning the person isn’t getting enough air when he or she breathes. Secondly, research has shown that people who snore regularly are more likely to suffer from carotid atherosclerosis, which can lead to stroke.


Body Position Doesn’t Matter When Sleeping

This couldn’t be further from the truth. The position in which a person sleeps can affect his or her health. Sleeping on the stomach, for example, bends the spine while contributing to back pain whereas sleeping on the side places pressure on the stomach and lungs. Therefore, most experts recommend sleeping on the back.

Sleeping does more than just protect against fatigue; it promotes a healthy body and mind.

How To Handle A Sleepwalker

Depending on the age of the sleepwalker, there may be different causes of the condition. In young children, it’s believed that sleepwalking occurs when the brain hasn’t learned to differentiate between the sleeping and waking states. In older adults, sleepwalking can be an indication of an underlying problem, such as excess stress or the onset of other sleep disorders.


How Can You Help a Sleepwalker?

If you know a person who has begun sleepwalking, there’s no reason to be alarmed. It’s a harmless event in itself and may cease naturally over time. Depending on the individual’s actions in this state, you may be more concerned that the person will harm themselves, while in the sleepwalking state.

While consulting a doctor may be wise to determine the causes, there are things you can begin doing immediately to help reduce the likelihood of future sleepwalking episodes. For instance, making sure the person is getting quality sleep and enough of it each night is important. Instead of letting the individual take sleep medications, try to make his or her bedroom as quiet and dark as possible.

It’s also important to make sure everyone else sleeping in the house knows of the sleepwalking incidents. This will prevent frights in the middle of the night.

You should also take steps to ensure the sleepwalker’s safety, such as locking all of the doors and windows and putting gates at the top of any staircases. Additionally, guns, knives, and car keys should all be out of reach of the sleepwalker. Children who sleepwalk should not be allowed to sleep in the top bunk of a bunk bed.


If You Need to Wake a Sleepwalker…

If it’s at all possible, try to avoid waking the sleepwalker. Instead, gently guide him or her back to bed with a very gentle hand. Once you turn the individual, try not to touch him or her at all. Instead, walk near the person, only touching enough to guide them back to their bedroom and into bed.

If that’s not possible and you have a reason that the sleepwalker needs to be awakened, it’s important to do it the right way. First, back away from the sleepwalker, so neither you or the sleepwalker will be injured. Create loud and sharp noises that can be used to startle the individual out of their sleep. If you stand close and shake the sleepwalker, it may cause a violent reaction that could cause unintentional injuries to either one of you.

Sleepwalkers rarely know that they’ve been doing anything unusual. Whether you return them to bed or awaken them, you should take the time to explain the incident in a calm and consoling manner. They’re likely to be disoriented and frightened, so they will need your support.

What Is The Ideal Bedtime Routine for the Best Sleep

What Is the Ideal Bedtime Routine For Sleep

If you find yourself struggling to fall asleep, it may be because your bedtime routine doesn’t prime you enough for a quality night of rest. Establishing the ideal bedtime routine or ritual can be the key to you falling asleep quickly and staying asleep throughout the night. Now, the idea of having a routine before bed might sound a bit juvenile and only necessary for a young person, but it can also significantly improve the sleep of adults as well. Experts of sleep recommend establishing a bedtime routine can help calm and relax you as you prepare for sleep. There is always a lot of information about the ideal morning routine to get your day off to the right start. But, what about the ideal evening routine? This routine is just as important. Crafting such will help you fall asleep in no time whatsoever.

A lot of what your bedtime routine is will base off of what you do throughout the day. Of course, you don’t want to stress yourself out all day about trying to fall asleep at night, but there are a few things you will want to keep in mind to ensure that you will have a better sleep at night. For instance, you will want to plan the meals in your day so that dinner will fall in the early parts of the evening. The rule of thumb is that you want to give yourself about 2-3 hours between your last meal and when you decide to go to sleep. Health sites like have revealed that fatty foods take a lot of work for the stomach to digest, making it harder to fall asleep. However, that is not to say you can’t have something small to eat before you sleep. There are a few foods that are fine to eat before bed and can even help you sleep better. Amongst these foods are bananas, oatmeal, and whole wheat bread.

Staying active is another bucket you will want to check off your list. Getting in a regular workout, regardless of the time of day can help you sleep better at night. According to the National Sleep Foundation, exercising in the afternoon can help deepen shut-eye and reduce the time it takes to fall asleep. Although, it is important to note that you don’t want to have any vigorous exercise leading up to bedtime as that can cause reverse effects. Another study in 2003 found that a morning fitness regimen led to better sleep at night. So it is essential to find some time to get some exercise in, just so long at it is not too close to your bedtime. Doing so will aid in your attempt to fall asleep faster.

Now that you have primed yourself with a proper eating schedule and some daily activity, it all comes down to what you do just before you shut your eyes. One thing you want to figure out is the perfect bedtime. It is crucial that you get anywhere from 7-9 hours of sleep for optimal health and performance. Try going to bed at the same time every night and waking up at the same time every morning because this will help you build your body’s natural clock (circadian rhythm). You also want to find a relaxing activity to do before bed that doesn’t involve looking at a screen. Bright screens such as your TV or your phone will suppress melatonin, the hormone that encourages your body to go to sleep. So trying reading a book or doing some nighttime yoga. Finally, you need to create the right environment for sleep. That means you want to make sure your bedroom is dark and quiet and well ventilated to allow for better sleep. Figure out what works best for you as it pertains to room temperature, and light and noise levels. Putting these foundations in place will make it very easy for you to hop in bed and fall asleep a lot quicker.

How Sleep Can Lead To Better Skin

How Better Sleep Can Lead To Better Skin

Getting your beauty sleep isn’t just an old saying. It is a must have to maintain proper skin health. Many studies have shown that there is a negative correlation between lack of sleep and skin health. The reason for this is that when you are sleep deprived, your body creates more cortisol, the stress hormone. These increased levels of cortisol lead to higher stress and inflammation in the body which decreases the quality of your skin. Quality sleep might be the closest thing you have to a fountain of youth. It is also a noticeable difference that occurs quickly. If you are able to add one to three more hours of sleep, you will see improvements in a little as a day. Take a look at some of the benefits your skin will see with better rest.


Fewer Wrinkles

As you sleep, your skin creates new collagen which prevents sagging. Patricia Wexler, MD, a dermatologist in New York calls this part of the repair process. With more collagen, your skin will be plumper and less likely to wrinkle. According to Wexler, getting 5 hours of sleep leads to double the number of fine lines you would see if you were to get 7 hours of sleep. Less sleep also causes dry skin making the lines more visible.


Glowing Skin

More sleep also prevents your skin from looking dull. Michael Breus, MD, and author of Beauty Sleep says, “When you’re tired, blood doesn’t flow efficiently.” When you are asleep, your body is boosting more blood flow to the skin to allow you to wake up to a healthier glow. Your body is churning out the human growth hormone which is a crucial ingredient for the production of collagen. As Wexler mentioned, the hours of sleep you receive each night is part of the repair process. So without the deeper phases of slumber, it causes the small daily breakdowns to accumulate rather than reverse overnight.


Brighter Eyes

One of the first things you notice when you don’t get enough sleep are puffy eyes. By getting enough sleep at night, you can prevent this side-effect. You will also avoid the possibility of dark circles under the eyes. When you are low on rest, your blood does not flow properly causing it to collect under your eyes and become visible due to the thin skin. Sleep deprivation can also cause pre-existing eye issues to get worse.

Living with Narcolepsy: The Trouble of Staying Awake

Individuals suffering from narcolepsy are all too familiar with the inconveniences this sleep disorder poses, as well as the danger it can bring in certain situations. Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that results in a person’s brain being unable to regulate normal sleeping patterns, which a surprisingly common irregularity, affecting roughly 1 in every 2,000 Americans. What’s even more troubling is that fact that approximately 25% of these patients go undiagnosed, and therefore do not receive treatment; a danger to themselves and those around them.

People with narcolepsy experience chronic daytime fatigue, in addition to a sudden loss of muscle control. More often than not, narcoleptic episodes are caused by emotional distress, which includes working, exercising, and even more dangerously, driving. This can put a severe strain on the lives of those suffering from this sleep disorder, as nearly every activity they take part in now becomes a possibility to sustain an injury.

Narcolepsy is typically evident at a young age, with some people experiencing it earlier than others. The most common ages to see their first bouts of the disorder are between 10 and 25. Though symptoms can vary from person to person, the most common are, as mentioned before, daytime fatigue, sudden loss of muscle control, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. It can also result in poor quality of sleep during the night, preventing certain people from entering the REM stage.

The causes of this interesting disorder are still somewhat unknown, but genetic makeup is likely a large reason why some individual’s brain chemistry is “off.” Research has shown that people suffering from narcolepsy have a lower secretion of hypocretin, which is a chemical in the brain that can regulate sleep. While there is no cure for narcolepsy at the moment, there are precautions that patients can take to effectively live a normal lifestyle.

Healthy changes in one’s life can aid in managing symptoms of narcolepsy. Of course, you’ll want to consult your doctor beforehand when seeking forms of treatment, but adding exercise and dieting can be very beneficial. Some other helpful strategies include scheduling periods throughout the day where you can cap for just 10-15 minutes, resisting caffeine or stimulating medications, taking regular breaks when undergoing larger tasks, and managing your emotions through meditation.

Counseling and support groups exist throughout the country for those suffering from this complicated disorder, as it can cause a great amount of emotional turmoil, depression, and overall difficulty in life. Working alongside a psychologist, counselor, or even an individual also suffering from narcolepsy can help you cope.

The Dangers Of Sleeping Pills In Seniors

Many people have advice on things that can be done to improve sleep. Getting exercise, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and turning off the television are some of the things that are recommended in order to get a good night’s rest. People recommend doing these things because they really work.

However, the problem is many people do not try to fix their sleeping problems on their own. Most people go to their doctor and get a sleeping pill before trying a natural remedy. They do not want to change their lifestyles. They want a quick fix.

Many people do not have realistic expectations about their sleep. An example of this is a 77-year-old patient. He wanted to sleep until 8 a.m., but he kept waking up at 5 a.m. He goes to bed at 8 p.m. because he gets tired around that time. He wants to sleep for 12 hours, but this is not realistic. The average person needs to get seven to eight hours of sleep.

This patient is likely bored or suffering from depression or other mental health issues. He did not need a sleeping pill. It is important to note that some people suffer from sleep disorders such as sleep apnea. Many patients with sleep apnea have had been able to improve their sleep quality and quantity by using other, more proven methods.

Psychiatric disorders can also have a negative impact on sleep. Getting these conditions treated can improve sleep. However, sleeping pills can be dangerous for the elderly to use. They can increase the risk of dementia and falls. They can also slow down the respiratory rate, which can lead to death. Furthermore, it is possible for a person to become psychologically and physically dependent on the substance.

A major problem is that sleeping pills are often promoted as being harmless. The risks of medications are often minimized. You can naturally improve your sleep by learning from our ancestors. They spent the day being active and eating modestly. They did not spend their day in front of the television with little physical activity. If we want to improve our sleep, then we will need to get back down to the basics.

It is easy for healthcare providers to offer the easiest solutions. Doctors and patients alike need to know if they have unrealistic expectations. They also need to know about ways that they can naturally improve their sleep quality and quantity. They have to know that a pill is just a temporary solution that can have detrimental side effects in the long run.

Sleep Apnea and Tooth Extraction: The Root of the Problem

R. Kirk Huntsman

Following a tooth extraction or root canal, so long as the dental professional performing the procedure has done the job correctly, patients typically experience pain that can be managed with standard painkillers. However, in rare cases, there have been recordings of people experiencing sleep disorders and general sleeping complications following a dental extraction.

To begin, it’s important to know exactly why tooth extractions are performed. Depending on just how crooked an individual’s teeth are, either braces or extractions are necessary for straightening. However, if someone has a decaying, damaged, or infected tooth, that calls for an immediate extraction, so long as the damage is extensive enough to bar repair.

The argument afterwards then becomes whether or not this standard procedure is capable of disrupting one’s sleep. To many people, it may seem unlikely that oral health and sleeping patterns are so closely connected. But, the two are very much related. Extractions specifically, on the other hand, are widely debated as to whether or not they are contributors to sleep disorders.

According to, roughly 80% of Americans suffering from sleep apnea are undiagnosed. This poses a problem for professionals wishing to study this specific case, as the results may be heavily skewed one way or the other. For now, researchers must pay attention to why the subject has even been brought to light.

Following a tooth extraction, it is possible for an individual to experience a decreased size in airways; something that is known to worsen sleep apnea. A study conducted in 2016 found that adults between the ages of 25 and 65 had an increased chance of developing obstructive sleep apnea by 2% with every tooth lost. Though a small, find this is another possible factor for the development of sleep apnea post extraction.

A common symptom experienced after having wisdom teeth removed is looser facial muscles. Patients may experience an increase in drooling throughout the night because of this, and, when lying on one’s back, sleep apnea. With the relaxed muscles pushing the tongue further back into the throat, the partially blocked airways can cause snoring, and constant periods of stopped breathing altogether.

While any study has yet to yield concrete evidence that tooth extraction does indeed cause sleep apnea, there are numerous findings that suggest this. Many dentists may agree that the fewer extractions an individual endures, the better. Again, this is not to say that the more teeth removed one has, the higher chances they have of sleep apnea, but the subtle clues pointing toward this do suggest that it is a possibility. For now, anyone suffering from this sleep disorder should work closely with their doctor, sleep specialist, or dentist for insight as to why they may have developed it.

Why Pregnant Women Are Prone to Insomnia


The many stages of pregnancy are often coupled with difficulty sleeping. Insomnia is not uncommon in pregnant women, but it’s important to understand its potential effects that are, more often than not, completely harmless.

Roughly 8 out of 10 women whom are with child suffer from insomnia and other sleep disorders throughout their pregnancies. These can range from difficulty falling asleep, to waking up frequently throughout the night, and everything in between. The symptoms don’t have to manifest themselves as serious, but a significant lack of sleep in any form can be considered insomnia.

There are a variety of reasons why pregnant women are more susceptible to insomnia in sleep disorders, the most common being hormonal changes and discomfort due to the size and weight of the abdomen. Standard pregnancy pains can also contribute greatly to a lack of sleep, like back pain, heartburn, persistent urination, and general anxiety.

Remedying this lack of sleep can be difficult, and results can vary from person to person. Many medical professional often recommend changing up your sleeping positions, and changing your sleeping environment for optimal comfort. This can be done by adjusting your thermostat to a relaxing temperature, and utilizing sound soothers to create an ambience throughout the room. Before bed, taking a warm bath or practicing yoga techniques you may have learned in a maternity class can help greatly as well.

If you are continuously having trouble staying asleep throughout the night, rather than fighting it, some may suggest getting out of bed and grabbing a small snack or drink, or reading a book. Taking part in a relaxing activity when you are struggling to stay asleep can promote drowsiness. Similarly, taking naps throughout the day is crucial for pregnant women, though the shorter the better in order to best avoid affecting your normal sleep schedule.

It is important to note that sleeping pills and over-the-counter sleep medication can be potentially dangerous to your unborn child, though some are safer than others. These are typically the safest during the early stages of your pregnancy, and doses no higher than the recommended amount are best. Taking too many sleeping pills of any kind can be very dangerous for your health, and your baby’s health.

Insomnia is most common in pregnant women during their first trimester. Often times, it will pass after a few weeks. If you have been struggling with insomnia or other sleep disorders throughout your pregnancy, talk to your doctor about possible solutions, and try any of the strategies mentioned above.

How to Stop Grinding Your Teeth in Your Sleep

Monitoring your physical movements while you sleep is obviously not something that can be done easily without the help of a sleep specialist. Whether you talk in your sleep, sleep walk, or move spastically throughout the night, your overnight activity can potentially lead to further health problems.

One of the most detrimental subconscious sleeping habits is bruxism, otherwise known as teeth grinding. Most individuals experiencing bruxism are unaware that they are even doing it. Whether the teeth are being grinded, clenched, or gnashed, it’s vital to understand the serious side effects that come with this bad habit.

Bruxism is typically caused by stress, anxiety, and other emotional complications, and can occur more or less frequently depending on age. It has been reported more in children, though adults can develop this over time as well. While this habit can be done while the individual is awake, it most often occurs during sleep.

Grinding your teeth throughout the night can lead to sleep disorders like snoring and sleep apnea, and the pain can persist for the duration of the entire day following. Many sufferers have reported having jaw pain, headaches, and, unsurprisingly, damaged teeth after days of experiencing bruxism. It can also increase the sensitivity of one’s teeth, and even loosen them from the gums.

Work closely with your dentist to discuss your sleeping habits, daily routine, and any medication you may be taking to best diagnose if you are suffering from bruxism. Though children experiencing this complication commonly outgrow it, adults who grind their teeth in their sleep must undergo treatment to improve their dental health, and prevent them from continuing this habit in the future.

One form of treatment involves dental appliances like splints or mouth guards. These are to be worn while the individual is sleeping, which keeps their teeth separated so they are unable to grind or clench them. Should there be severe damage already done to the teeth, a dentist will almost always suggest repair through crowns or reshaping.

If a dental approach doesn’t seem to be alleviating the problem, other forms of treatment involve therapy and medications. Seeing as stress and anxiety is a common cause of bruxism, behavioral management classes can do wonders for those who can’t seem to stop grinding their teeth. Medications such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety pills may help as well. In some cases, dentists may suggest muscle relaxers before going to sleep to allow the cheek and jaw muscles to loosen, which can lessen the chances of teeth grinding throughout the night.

Bruxism can be extremely detrimental to your dental health, as well as your sleeping habits, so it is best to address this issue as early on as possible. Be sure to properly manage any stress you may be experiencing in your life, develop healthy sleeping habits, and visit your dentist regularly to stay up to date with your oral health, and aware of your overnight activity.

The Best Medication for Sleep Disorders

R. Kirk Huntsman

Individuals suffering from sleep disorders are all too familiar with the countless forms of treatment available. Certain treatment may work for some and fail for others, including specific devices, apps, alternative treatment, and, of course, medication. There are many medications available, so it can be difficult to determine which work best for you. Sleeping pills in general often have varying side effects, risks, and benefits, so speak with your doctor beforehand to choose the sleeping pill best suited for your health and lifestyle.

Products like Valium and Xanax are two of the most well known sleeping pills on the market. These are both benzodiazepines which directly affect the chemicals within your brain that could possibly be unbalanced, leading to anxiety. Both of these medications are commonly prescribed to ease anxiety and panic disorders, but can be beneficial for those with sleep disorders as well. However, because of their molecular components, they have a variety of side effects. These include decreased time spent in certain stages of sleep throughout the night (i.e. less time spent in REM, and the deepest stages of sleep), and even mild hangovers because of how long these medications stay in your body.

Ambien and Lunesta are both sedatives specifically engineered to help those with insomnia and general sleep disorders. The advantages these medications have over Valium and Xanax include no grogginess or hangovers felt the next morning, and a much lower chance of developing an addiction to these pills. These are both newer products compared to the aforementioned benzodiazepines, and are therefore more in tune with the brain’s chemical makeup. Rather than taking a pill that has a general effect on multiple brain receptors, both Ambien and Lunesta affect specific parts of the brain that involve sleep.

Rozerem is another sedative that acts specifically on the body’s melatonin production within the area of the brain focused on sleep. This directly affects the circadian rhythm of your body, providing users with a much more natural sleep aid. An added bonus is that very few side effects have been found when taking Rozerem, the only ones being drowsiness, nausea, and unusual thoughts.

While medication has its benefits, it’s important to note that not everyone will react the same way to certain types. As mentioned, talk to your doctor if you are suffering from sleep disorders, and discuss what medications could help you the most depending on your lifestyle and medical history.